Take your flying education to the next level by becoming instrument rated.  An instrument rating gives you an added layer of safety on longer flights and makes you legal to fly when others cannot.  An Instrument rating is also required for a commercial pilot to able to transport passengers outside of the local area or at night.


STAGE I – Basic Attitude Instrument Flying (BAI)

This stage will introduce you to basic instrument attitude flying. You will learn to fly straight and level, turns, constant speed climbs and descents, and other maneuvers solely by reference to instruments.

STAGE II – Instrument Flight Rule (IFR) Cross County

The second stage of instrument flying is where you will learn about the IFR en-route structure and instrument flight planning. You will plan and fly IFR cross countries using both ground and space based nav-aids. You will also learn the IFR functions of your avionics, how to file IFR flight plans, copy clearances, interpret weather, and fly safely in the system.


STAGE III – IFR approach procedures

The third stage is where you will become more proficient at flying IFR approaches and prepare for the check ride. The training during this stage will build upon and incorporate missed approach procedures, holds, and circle-to-land approaches. This stage is completed when you pass your IFR check ride and are an instrument rated pilot.


The end of your training will consist of preparation for your practical test. You will work with your instructor on all of the required ground knowledge items and flight maneuvers until you can meet the standards of the practical test. The practical test is taken with an FAA designated examiner and will consist of an oral exam and a flight test. Your instructor will insure that you are completely prepared not only to pass the checkride but that you are an overall safe and competent pilot. Once you pass your checkride, you will be an instrument pilot!


To be eligible for a private pilot certificate, a person must:

  • Be at least a private pilot

  • Pass the FAA written test. Your instructor will show you how to prepare for this test.

  • Receive the required flight training and a logbook endorsement from your instructor, certifying that you have met the requirements. This required flight training is explained below.


  1. At least 50 hours of cross country flight time as pilot in command

    • 10 in airplane

  2. 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time

    1. 15 hours with instructor in airplane

    2. 3 hours dual with 60 days

    3. Long Cross Country Flight (dual)

      1. 250nm

      2. Instrument approach at each airport

      3. 3 different approaches (1 at each airport)




21 Hours Flight Time (IFR Cessna 172)                                 $3,486.00*
14 Hours Flight Training Device                                            $910.00*
Instrument Pilot Ground School                                           $335.00
35 Hours Flight Instruction                                                     $2275.00*
Jeppesen Inst/Comm Pilot Kit                                               $305.00
Pre/Post Flight Briefings                                                          $455.00*
FAA Written Exam                                                                      $165.00
Instrument Rating Checkride (+ Airplane Rental)           $500.00

Minimum Cost for Instrument Rating                                $8,263.00

Instrument Rate Sheet 2/1/2019

* The above costs are based on FAA Part 141 minimums.
** These costs are averages and vary depending on Aviation Medical Examiner or Designated Pilot Examiner.
There is a requirement for 50 hours of PIC cross country time that is not figured into this calculation. The 50 hours is part of the 65 hours of solo practice figured into the cost of the commercial license.

These prices are a guideline to approximate total flight costs. They are based on current (February 2017) aircraft prices in the lease expensive aircraft suitable for that type of training.  All times are based on FAA Part 141 minimums, or an average from past students.  Everyone learns at a different pace, therefore, these times are not guarenteed for everyone.